Safety for workers
Labor protection at Pha Rung Shipyard (Hai Phong).
In May 2017, the first week of Labor Safety and Hygiene (OSH) was jointly implemented by the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) at all levels and sectors in the OSH Action Month under Decision 87 dated 12-1. -2016 of the Prime Minister, with the theme “Promoting OSH training and prevention of occupational accidents and diseases”. This is also one of the practical programs to care for workers appointed by the Vietnam General Confederation of Labor (VGCL) in order to implement well the year “For the benefit of union members”.
Occupational accidents are always “stalking” and becoming disastrous for any worker, if a second is lost. Every year, all levels and sectors organize the OSH Week, with a number of action programs to raise awareness among management levels, business owners and employees. However, besides the efforts and results, occupational accidents continue to be unpredictable, with the number of accidents and number of accidents increasing. Labor in the coal mining and shipbuilding industry is one of high risk jobs, although the agencies and units always attach importance to the work of OSH, the proper operation, regulation and order.
We meet Ha Huy Tinh worker, Ha Long mining workshop, Ha Long coal company (Quang Ninh), when he is recovering in Quang Ninh General Hospital. The accident occurred on November 12, 2015 while handling the downfall. Being a good miner of the company, with 10 years of experience, including long time he worked as rescue, rescue, rescue many colleagues in case of pit trouble. However, one day, it was the victims themselves. The therapist said that due to the pain of complication, need to work hard to fit the leg back to work
Earning more than 10 million dong per month from the accident, Tinh received only half the salary. Meanwhile, his wife has to quit the business to care for her husband. All living expenses, tuition for children, medicine … waiting for five million salary of Love. However, when talking with us, Mr. Tinh still optimistic, confided: When the pit collapsed, the stone fell to the rake machine, clamped off the foot, I still awake to see, I’m still alive. It also took nearly 5 months of treatment, I just get out of the mood of self-esteem, inferiority, disability and the clinging to his wife, family. Although not in the assessment stage of injury, but through inquiry, I know the injury rate of their own from 61 to 65%. Thanks to the anxiety, the frequency of wife as well as the interest, sharing, timely encouragement of the company leaders, unions helped me overcome the day lost. Company leaders promised to arrange suitable work after I was fitting the hospital by the company.
Occupational Occupational Safety and Occupational Health Occupational Safety and Occupational Health According to data from the Bureau of Occupational Safety, the main causes of occupational accidents are occupational accidents caused by employers, 42.1%, 17.3% by employees, 40.6% by other causes. . The story of workers Le Van Linh, Pha Rung Shipbuilding Company (Hai Phong) is an example. Mr. Ling had an accident while welding in the safe. While he was using compressed air to cool himself, over the counter, a co-worker replaced the transfer panel, unplugged the plug, but accidentally plugged in the oxygen wire. Since oxygen maintained the fire, the flame immediately flared, spreading from the abdomen to his neck. Mr. Ling said: Working in the tank is very dangerous, the risk of occupational accidents is very high. Despite all the things, are equipped with standard labor protection, trained regularly, but in the process of production inevitably risk. As the fire flared, I was still calm enough to pull out the gas cord, tear the protective clothing, before being rescued by colleagues, out. After a three-month accident, he was taken away by the company with the result of 35% loss of labor.
According to the analysis of the situation of occupational accidents from the Bureau of Labor Safety (Ministry of Labor – Invalids and Social Affairs), in some localities, units and occupational accidents occurred to employees working under contract higher than the area of labor relations. In this case, employers can easily “deny” responsibility, avoid costly medical expenses, assess injury, compensate and subsidize people with occupational accidents … The current law on OSH Relatively full, but many companies have ignored the construction of safety rules for each type of machinery and equipment. Periodic training on OSH is sketchy, coping … Employees due to lack of knowledge or because of the pursuit of “blind eyes” despite the danger. OSH experts said that the number of occupational accidents, deaths, injuries due to occupational accidents has not accurately reflected reality. Occupational and occupational health statistics are nearly double. While the health sector reports about 1,500 occupational accidents through hospitalization, the labor department reports nearly 800 occupational accidents. When a worker’s accident occurs, many companies seek to “dump” the information because of fear of damaging their reputation, their production interruptions, and seeking to reach agreement with the victim’s family, such as offering a compensation of 100-200 million VND to keep the family open to the law. There have been many cases of accidents being prosecuted, but still not enough deterrence for businesses. This behavior of enterprises should be considered as irresponsible to health, life force.
The result of inspection by General Labor of Vietnam showed that the implementation of the law and the management of labor protection in enterprises are still inadequate and limited. Overtime is common, seriously affecting the health of the employee. Meanwhile, working conditions in many enterprises, especially small businesses, private enterprises, very harsh, dangerous. In these enterprises, occupational accidents occur because the employer does not comply with the rules and procedures on labor safety and also the factors “force majeure”. Many private businesses use workshops, technology, equipment is backward, unsafe, do not care about protection. In addition, the treatment of violations of OSH is mainly based on the team of inspectors in charge of state inspection in this field. However, this force only met a small part of the demand for inspection and control of enterprises, not to mention the budget for the operation is rather tight.
Vice Chairman of the Steering Committee for OSH Action Month Mai Duc Chinh said: Through the investigation of a number of occupational accidents, the cases of accidental workers often fall into the new workers. have been recruited, have not passed the training course, therefore, have no sense of observing standard procedures in the course of work. The theme of the Action Month is to educate employers on OSH training and awareness raising, while also introducing employees into the workplace with industrial behavior, compliance, compliance and enhancement. labor awareness, prevention for yourself. At the national launching ceremony, the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA), the Vietnam General Labor Confederation will organize awards to collectives and individuals with outstanding achievements in 2016. Besides, LLL The Hanoi Labor Confederation organized the contest of good safety and hygiene; Organized two seminars on improving the quality of lecturers and employees on OSH and thoroughly understood the resolution of the General Labor Council to promote OSH in the new situation, as well as to collect comments on the program on grading. “Green – clean – beautiful to ensure labor safety”.
As an organization representing the rights and legitimate interests of employees, every year, in the Worker’s Month, the Vietnam General Labor Federation has written to instruct all levels of trade unions to pay attention, visit and mobilize employees and their relatives. Garment injured or killed by occupational accidents. This year, LLL has instructed the Labor Confederation of the provinces, cities and trade unions … to step up the training, training and training of the contingent of student safety officers and open training courses on fire prevention and fighting. Exploitation, occupational safety and health for union officials and employees. In addition, the General Labor Federation directs the trade unions at all levels to strengthen the coordination of the inspection force, good control of OSH compliance and fire and explosion prevention at enterprises.
While there are obstacles and shortcomings in the work of preventing and avoiding occupational accidents, daily, every hour, on the construction sites, factories, occupational accidents, health damage, the future of the workforce, economic impact For businesses, long-term also become the burden of society. Whether subjective or objective, the employee remains the subject of the most disadvantage. Therefore, first of all, employees must equip themselves with the sense of prevention, not push themselves into the world to face the risks, directly affect the safety of their lives. Self-Employees must improve their sense of observance of the law on labor protection and resolutely refuse to work if they find that their working conditions are not safe.
At the same time, management agencies need to have strong measures and sanctions, increase administrative sanctions in OSH violations, strictly handle laborers pursuing profits, deliberately neglecting life and health. of the employee. The inspection and control of OSH in enterprises should be strengthened, with the advent of the local government. In fact, sanctions against enterprises deliberately not declare, statistics on occupational accidents are light, not enough deterrence. Up to now, functional agencies need to propose amendments to the Government’s Decree No. 95 on administrative sanctions, raising the level of sanctions for “abusive” information.
Occupational safety experts say that we should not “open the door” to raise people’s awareness of prevention of occupational accidents at every launch of the week, month of OSH action. strictly, closely throughout 365 days of the year. Only when the awareness of all people, local authorities, levels, branches, enterprises, trade unions and workers is improved, then the lowest level of occupational safety can be minimized.